Normally (though not always) the apostrophe or apostrophe + s … Main Apostrophe Takeaways: Apostrophes have three main uses: to show ownership, omissions, and plural letters, numbers, and symbols ; An apostrophe stands in for the missing letter(s) in a contraction like don’t or can’t. When someone's name ends with an "s," it is acceptable to use an apostrophe without an "s" … In words that end in ‘s’ in the plural, the apostrophe belongs after the ‘s’ to show there are multiple dogs. Possessives. Possessive nouns show ownership. After you read the article, you might also wish to watch a video in which Dr Lines explains how to use apostrophes in this way. An easy way to check your accuracy with this is to ask yourself if you’re referring to one or to many? An apostrophe is normally used with the letter s to show ownership or possession. Ownership Markings: The English language employs both words and punctuation marks to convey an idea. I've read Preferred way to apostrophise in case of dual or multiple ownership by distinct entities and "Nikki's and Alice's X" vs. "Nikki and Alice's X", but my question is a little different.Not sure if the title is correctly chosen or not. Plurals that don’t end in ‘s’ don’t require this treatment, such as ‘The Board’s decision is final’ or ‘There is the gang’s hideout’. Possessive apostrophes indicate ownership. For example, in the sentence, ‘There is the dog’s bed’ an apostrophe has been used to show that the bed belongs to the dog. Possessive apostrophes indicate ownership. Our specialist academic editors will ensure your research is presented in the best light, to help you achieve academic success. This is called a possessive apostrophe. Plural possessive nouns incorporate the concepts of ownership and "more than one." Think of the apostrophe as a little hand, holding on to an s to indicate ownership or possession. This one becomes a bit trickier, especially where plurals are involved. If a word is both plural and possessed, it gets an s followed by an apostrophe. Read on to discover all the apostrophe rules you'll ever need to know! Here are some examples with the owners highlighted: Joint ownership is shown by using one apostrophe for both owners. With most singular nouns, simply add an apostrophe plus the letter s to do this. The apostrophe (a-POS-tro-fee) is a single vertical mark (') or (’). Others example of this rule include ‘I’m going to the girls’ treehouse’. Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? The second use of an apostrophe is to denote ownership or possession. When one person owns something, we use an apostrophe then an s. This is the most common way that apostrophes will be used, and the easiest rule to remember. Use Apostrophes for Possession Only. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. It is also important to know about rules in using apostrophes in names so that you will not have a hard time in writing. They are not properly used to make nouns plural, which means showing more than one. An apostrophe with an "s" after a proper noun indicates... 2. Lloyd Bridges' son Correct: Apostrophes are confusing. Incorrect: We saw the Smith's at the picnic. Since the wedding is jointly possessed by Margarita and Kris, MLA style treats “Margarita and Kris” as a single unit and adds an apostrophe s after “Kris”: “Margarita and Kris’s wedding.” In an older convention, described in the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (sec. ... (It means that every of them have 1 old car and in terms of ownership, it is a separate matter.) If Tim and Erica had written separate reports, though, we would write this differently: I’ve read Tim ’s and Erica ’s report s on the computer problem. The most common contractions are made up of verbs, auxiliaries, or modals attached to other words: He would=He’d. In a contraction, an apostrophe represents missing letters. Some authorities always add an apostrophe only to any word ending with s, regardless of its pronunciation. For example, when mentioning ‘the lady’s hat’, you are speaking of one lady with one hat. But what should be done when there are multiple dogs who all have beds? Instead of just adding the possessive apostrophe, you should add an apostrophe and then an ‘s’. One punctuation mark is the apostrophe ('). Please read our, Winner of the Capstone Editing Research Scholarship for Honours Students, The Untimely Death of the Em Dash—Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Defend the Em Dash, Announcing the Winner of the Capstone Editing Early Career Academic Research Grant for Women. In English it is used for three purposes: The marking of the omission of one or more letters (as in the contraction of do not to don't). Rule 2b. This is acceptable. This sentence shows joint ownership, since the report was written by Tim and Erica. (Not possessive; use no apostrophe to make a noun plural.). The chair’s leg is wonky. Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers, (which is the style manual adopted by the Australian government and Australian universities), personal names that end in ‘s’ are treated differently to plurals ending in ‘s’. Typically, this will involve adding an apostrophe plus the letter ‘s’ after a noun or someone’s name: Derek’s hair was messy. ; The marking of possessive case of nouns (as in the eagle's feathers, or in one month's time). (Added syllable is not pronounced.). Possession or ownership punctuation worksheets: For singular nouns we add an apostrophe plus "s" to show possession; for plural nouns already ending in an s, we just add an apostrophe. We show this by using one possessive apostrophe for both people (something known as compound subject). Plural nouns show a quantity of more than one. The “Looks and Works Better Without an Apostrophe” Argument. Design & Development by Edge of the Web, Copyright © Capstone Editing Pty Ltd 2017 - 2020, Australian Company Number (ACN): 610 658 887, Level 4, 15 Moore Street, Canberra, ACT 2601, Posted by Capstone Editing on 17 April 2017, Your email address will not be published or shared with anyone. Apostrophes with Possessives of More than One Owner, Apostrophes with Italicized and Underlined Items. Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith's Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths' house.But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams?. The rules for the apostrophe are much more definite, … 10 Rules for Using Apostrophe (‘) Read More » Skip to content Do not use an apostrophe + s to make a regular noun plural. It has lots of examples and an interactive exercise. The apostrophe is used to show that something belongs to something else (It's called the Genitive case). Apostrophes should only be used to show the ownership or belonging of something. Use an apostrophe to indicate ownership by a proper noun. (Possessive form needs the apostrophe) Incorrect: Apostrophe's are confusing. All you have to do is remember that if there’s ownership or possession, then the word should take apostrophe -s. If there are many (the word is plural), then just an “s” will do. If the singular noun ends with an s, add apostrophe s if the extra syllable is pronounced. Should it be ‘baby’s toy’ or ‘babies’ toy’? ‘The ladies’ hat’ indicates that many ladies seem to share one hat and finally ‘the ladies’ hats’ signifies that many ladies have many hats. Apostrophes Showing Possession An apostrophe is normally used with the letter s to show ownership or possession.. With most singular nouns, simply add an apostrophe plus the letter s to do this.. An apostrophe plus s is never added to make a noun plural--even a proper noun. Here, for example, the apostrophes show us that the hair belongs to Derek and that the leg belongs to the chair. ; If something is plural and showing possession, put an apostrophe after the “s.”You can also add another ‘s’ after the apostrophe, but it isn’t usually required. An apostrophe plus s is never added to make a noun plural--even a proper noun. Apostrophe rules can be broken into four main categories. It is also important to know about rules in … To receive informative articles and tailored advice for academics and students, as well as updates about our exciting grant and scholarship opportunities, please subscribe to our blog. Learn useful apostrophe rules with example sentences and infographic to help you use this All comments are moderated before being published. Level 4, 15 Moore Street, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia, Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy Sitemap Well, if you want to learn about how to use an apostrophe correctly, we’ll discuss it and break down all the rules here. If the extra syllable is not pronounced (or if it otherwise looks confusing to add apostrophe s), simply add an apostrophe. For most names, you add an apostrophe and an “s” to make the possessive form. This is the case with proper nouns too: ‘Ben’s house’ and ‘London’s train network’ both require possessive apostrophes. When using an apostrophe for ownership, the first thing to consider is whether there is one owner (a singular owner) or more than one owner (a plural owner). Apostrophe placement in first and last names, abbreviations, and pronouns shouldn’t give you any trouble if you just follow these simple writing rules. You also see a phrase where the apostrophe indicates that plural nouns own something (lovers’ letters). Capstone Editing will perfect the language, formatting and referencing of your document to produce a final version of the highest-possible quality, ready for submission or publication. Where it becomes tricky is in the case of a word ending in ‘y’ and ‘ies’. Let's take a … The previous article, ‘Using Apostrophes to Form a Contraction’, explained the first use of apostrophes. ‘John’s notepad’ shows correct apostrophe placement for a personal name not ending in ‘s’, while ‘Jess’s notepad’ shows the correct apostrophe placement for a name ending with ‘s’. 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