10. Heads up! This is the reason why NASA uses this area for testing satellites and other objects which are to be used for the mission to Mars. In the mornings, it will be around 40 degrees Celsius while at night it falls to 4 degrees Celsius. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America, covering a 1,000-kilometre (600 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains. Chile has complete control over Atacama Desert. The Atacama Desert is a desert. The Atacama Desert is the driest nonpolar desert in the world, as well as the only true desert to receive less precipitation than the polar deserts and the largest fog desert in the world. It is present on the west coast of pacific and it lies to the west of Andes mountains. The oldest Atacama Desert mummy can be dated back to 7020 BCE whereas the Egyptian mummy is just 3000 BCE old. 2. Mon - Fri 9am - 6:30pm PST, Get Insider Secrets, Travel Tips, Exclusive Offers & More…, thank you for signing up to our mailing list tell us a little bit more about yourself, CONTACT FORM - WE’LL BE HAPPY TO HEAR FROM YOU, “To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens”, “Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile”, “4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia”, “5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America”, To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens, Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile, 4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia, 5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America. 16. 4. The Atacama Desert, in particular, is special for another reason as well - parts of its environment have been compared to that of the environment on the planet Mars, which is why scientists have been so interested in studying its unique landscape. Urban. NASA and National Geographic both have confirmed this fact. Most of the desert is composed of stony terrain, salt lakes (salares), sand, and felsic lava that flows towards the Andes. Atacama Desert is one of the most fascinating deserts in world. 5. The region is rich in Copper and Sodium Nitrate. In so vacant a landscape as the Atacama, visitors on Chile tours to this desert will be surprised to learn that the region has a tumultuous history dating back thousands of years. A chilla in Pan de Azucar National Park in the coast of Atacama Desert. image: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. Atacama Desert is a desert situated on a plateau surrounding an area of 1,000 kilometres or 600 miles. Composed in major part of stony terrain, salt lakes, sand and felsic; it never rains. 14. Great summary of a very special place at an appropriate level for my Earth Science students at Santa Fe College in Gainesville, Florida. On the Atacama Desert, an average of less than 50 mm of precipitation falls annually. The Atacama Desert: Facts and Features . Mining of this mineral, also called Chile saltpeter, was at a boom in the 1940s and many abandoned mining towns may be spotted and visited in the desert. It’s located in the western part of South America and covers a strip of land with a length of about 1,600 kilometers (990 miles) and a total area of 104,741 square kilometers (40,441 square miles). It mostly contains felsic lava (lava which contains feldspar and quartz igneous rocks), sand, salt lakes and its terrain is stony. As a result of these harsh conditions, plant and animal life is almost non-existent, particularly in the lower Atacam… Earlier there were rivers but they went dry some 12,000 years back. The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars. It is used to study how stars are formed is being studied with the help of 66 radio telescopes. image: lifeunderyourfeet.org. At Quasar Expeditions, we offer awe-inspiring journeys across this untamed land via …, Continue reading “To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Some of the best UNESCO sites in the world can be discovered in beautiful Patagonia — Chile alone claims six of the fascinating features. The Atacama Desert is one of the driest places on earth. The warmth and kindness of its people is also like no other region in Chile, making one feel like family, instead of a tourist, in this magical place. Any traveler who has hiked to the peaks of Base of the Towers, Torres del Paine National Park, been captivated by the majestic Perito Moreno …, Continue reading “4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Patagonia is an awe-inspiring region, with magnificent landscapes and fascinating flora & fauna. Three cacti are endemic to the northern part of the Atacama Desert; they are Eulychnia iquiquensis, Neoporteria sensu, and Copiapoa. The Atacama Desert in Chile is full of things to do and natural wonders to explore, but you cannot visit the Atacama Desert without visiting its crown jewel. You can rent a telescope, or photographic equipment from local tour operators. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. This is possible due to the altitude, which does not allow temperatures in these points to increase much. 11. 1. Sterile Ground – Both the Andes Mountains and the Chilean Costal Range, which surround this desert, create a blockage of moisture, making the Atacama Desert a kind of death zone for vegetation, depriving the land of water and nutrients. Over the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from the site. 2. Chat live with a travel expert and get your questions answered right away. 3. One of the reasons is that its soil and sand conditions are pretty much similar to that of Mars. 18. In more recent years, the desert has become the home of the largest ground telescope in the world, ALMA, where studies of the formation of stars are conducted with the help of the images captured by the 66 radio telescopes. The climate is magnificent throughout the year, with more than 90% of the days being radiant. 6. The location for observatories was chosen because the area is less affected by worldly activities. This desert is used as a place for astronomical study. The mining was popular in 1940’s and now one can see abandoned mining sites in the desert. 12. Sparsely populated and virtually rainless, the Atacama Desert forms a narrow strip on the coast of Chile, between 600—700 miles long. So be a part of Atacama’s Desert memory. Southern Night Sky Revealed: Chile's Atacama Desert (Photos) 8 Cool Facts About the ALMA Telescope; Explore the Atacama, from the Medical University of South Carolina. 9. Atacama Desert. My name is Tasha. The oldest mummies are seen here and not in Egypt. Atacama Desert Flora. The Atacama Desert in Chile (in Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau covering 1,000 km in N-S direction from Peru’s southern border into Chile in South America.The desert is narrow and elongated with a width of only 100 km. 6 Interesting facts about Atacama desert. 17. The Atacama is also a testing site for the NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program. But it is believed that a part of Peru is included in Atacama Desert. 9. Atacama Desert Facts We all know that deserts are one of the driest places in the world but did you know that the Atacama desert in Chile is the driest. Le désert d’Atacama est un lieu exceptionnel: les conditions climatiques pourtant hostiles ne réussissent pas pour autant à soustraire ses droits à la nature. These animals include: BIRDS- are probably the largest of all groups in the Atacama, some animals include: * Humboldt penguins- live here all year round. * Andean Flamingos- move about to eat the algae. It is considered as the driest desert in the world. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. Join an astronomical tour, head out with a guide, or stargaze on your own if you already know your way around the Milky Way. I am passionate about creating unique travel experiences for adventurous travelers with a desire to see some of the most remote corners of South America. Adding to this, it falls on the Tropic of Capricorn. Evidence suggests that the Atacama Desert may not have had any significant rainfall from 1570 to 1971. Though it is more or less like a barren land, in late 1800’s two countries Chile and Bolivia were in bitter dispute in War of Pacific to get this desert. NASA reports that it takes the record as the driest desert in the world. 17. See more ideas about Chile travel, Wonders of the world, South america. It is one of the few deserts which receive almost no rainfall. 20 Interesting Indus Valley Civilization Facts – Part I. One of the driest places in the world can be found in the western part of South America, and in this post, you’ll discover the ultimate list of facts about the Atacama Desert! In some places, less than an inch (25mm) of rain falls every ten years. 7. 11. The Atacama Desert is famous for stargazing. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. In South America, the Atacama dessert is an absolutely stunning environment spanning about 600 miles. The desert is located in 2 South American countries The Atacama Desert is a desert … More As a species, humans have been making their imprint on the Atacama Desert since ancient times. About 80 geysers occur in a valley about 80 km (50 mi) from the town of San Pedro de Atacama. 3. Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. The South American gray fox is a largely solitary animal that has long been hunted for its pelt. mi (105,000 sq. Many people think that Death Valley is the driest area ever. About Atacama. The Atacama Desert sits between the Andes and Chilean Coast Range at such a height that prevents moisture reaching it from the Pacific or Atlantic Oceans. The oldest mummies are seen here and not in Egypt. This is a concise sample of the most common flowering plants of Chile’s Atacama Desert. For information about our privacy practices, click here. I love to travel to see new places and meet new people. The scenes that you see in movies or television series about mars are mostly taken here. Featuring robust wildlife, gorgeously ever-changing skies, and some of the most stunning landscapes anywhere on earth, this massive area at the southern tip of South America has been captivating the imaginations of adventurers for generations. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains. Interesting facts about the Atacama Desert 1. For 10 to 12 nights each month there is an astonishing moon and you can enjoy the darkness of the night with its fresh air and lack of clouds, which makes the stars shine as in no other place on earth. 10. Driest Desert in the World – Studies conducted by NASA have concluded that this desert located in northern Chile is in fact the driest desert in the world. Largest Supply of Sodium Nitrate in the World – This region is the largest natural supply of Sodium Nitrate, which can be used for producing fertilizers and explosives amongst other things. Fill in a few brief questions here to start planning your trip of a lifetime, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Patagonia is one of the earth’s greatest treasures. Moisture concentrates on nylon threads and drains into the cylinder. Au contraire on trouve ici une biodiversité exceptionnelle qui a su s’adapter à la chaleur, au froid ainsi qu’à la sécheresse. To understand what that really means let’s take as an example the Sahara desert (the worlds largest hot desert) … The desert didn’t receive proper rainfall from 1570 to 1971. FACTS ABOUT THE ATACAMA DESERT: 11-15. . Topics: South America, Desert, Rain shadow Pages: 5 (1224 words) Published: April 15, 2014. Atacama desert Peru is considered to be the driest place on Earth and is classified as a hot desert. Here we’ve gathered 10 interesting facts about the Atacama Desert, so take a read to find out more. Thank you Tasha for the information; would love to visit and use the time left after TdP O circuit. I have traveled extensively to Patagonia, Chile, Argentina, Galapagos, Ecuador and many other areas of this wild continent and I am eager to share my knowledge with the world. Here’s all you need to know to visit the Valle de la Luna in the Atacama Desert Chile. Officially the driest place on Earth, it receives almost no rainfall whatsoever. The Atacama has also been used as a location for filming Mars scenes, most notably in the television series Space Odyssey: Voyage to the Planets. In the Atacama desert there are a large amount of animal species that live and breed in the desert. Geographically, the aridity of the Atacama is explained by it being situated between two mountain chains (the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range) of sufficient height to prevent moisture advection from either the Pacific or the Atlantic Oceans, a two-sided rain shadow. These mummies predate the Egyptian mummies by thousands of years, and the extreme lack of moisture helps in the preservation of these samples. It is on the Tropic of Capricorn in northern Chile, and is one of the driest places on earth. I’d like this website better if it had more information;like if it said how much space it takes of earth or something along those lines!!!!!!! It receives less than 1mm of rainfall per year and some parts of the desert have no recorded rainfall at all. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. According to estimates the Atacama Desert proper occupies 105,000 square kilometres (41,000 sq mi), or 128,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi) if the barren lower slopes of the Andes are included. 19. The reason for their better preservation is lack of moisture. As there is no water, one can paint the picture of the desert. There are some areas in this desert which doesn’t receive rainfall at all. Facts about Atacama Desert. The desert spans on 600 mile area. Visitors may view pre-Columbian rock drawings if they travel to the Atacama during their Chile tours, km), stretching 600mi (1000km) from southern Peru into northern Chile. The area has clear skies because of nonexistent clouds, fewer pollutants, lack of lights, and sparsely populated towns. According to the studies conducted by NASA, it is understood that it doesn’t receive rainfall more than 1mm per year. Most … At the end of the war Chile took control of the entire region. 20. 1. Most of these images were taken during the sporadic blooming events occurring along the coastal strip of desert and the several fogs oasis found between Iquique in the north, and Coquimbo, in the south. Hello! Driest place on earth. Facts about Atacama Desert tell you about the rainless plateau located in Chile. Photos of different habitats and species of cactus of the Atacama Desert. Today, on the floors of the desiccated lakes, borax, natural salt, and nitrate deposits are mined. 1. It is assumed that it is because of the presence of two mountain ranges (Andes and Chilean Coastal Range) on either side of this desert. Animal life is very rare in this desert, though there are a few insects and lizards to be found. In stark contrast, some areas of the desert receive plenty of rainfall, which is why its ecosystem is just as diverse as its terrain. Mice and fox are also present, but in small number. Extra Terrestrial Soil – Soil samples from this region are very similar to samples from Mars; for this reason, NASA uses this desert for testing instruments for missions to the red planet. Below, we are sharing 10 Fun Facts about the Atacama Desert. The quality of sand and soil here is pretty much similar to the one that is present in Mars. To collect drinking water, residents of the Atacama region use “fog hunters” – cylinders with nylon walls. However, these mummies are artificial and they existed earlier than Egyptian mummies. Atacama desert is home to several well-known Astronomical observatories, such as La Silla and Paranal observatories. The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars. 16. From architectural innovation to ancient marvels to stunning seaports, the richness of Chile offers something special for everyone. Furthermore, the driest areas of Atacama Desert receive between 1 mm and 3mm or 0.4 inches and 0.12 inches of rainfall. 12. Don’t go by the name, it simply means that no rainfall on the areas which are under rain shadow. 7. Read our full policy. It is the largest supplier of sodium nitrate in the world. So, let us read some interesting Atacama Desert facts. 8. One such device can provide more than fifteen liters of water per day. The Sahara desert can be regarded as the largest desert in the world. In this incredible place there is no moisture so nothing rots; everything stays. Hell yes! The reason, scientists believe, is because of the altitude which doesn’t allow the temperature to soar so high there. Land Dispute – In the late 1800s, Chile and Bolivia disputed this land in the Guerra del Pacífico (War of the Pacific) becaue both countries claimed to be rightful owners of this region that, as was said above, had a huge mining potential. It is present in South America and is spread out in Chile and Peru. 8. Marketing Permissions Please select all the ways you would like to hear from Quasar Expeditions: You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. Rainless (or just about) – Average rainfall in this region is about 1 mm per year. The largest ground telescope in the world, ALMA is located there. With more than 300-day clear sky, no light pollution, high height, it proves as the best place for the study of astronomy. 5. Despite being the driest place on earth, Atacama desert receives 36,000 tourists every year. But these are not the only noticeable characteristics of Patagonia; there is a whole …, Continue reading “5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America”. Though its mornings are scorching, though it being the driest desert in the world, its high peaks are capped with snow. 5 Ancient Indian Inventions – ‘West’ Says They Did It – LOL! The Atacama Desert flowering can be seen from September to November in years with sufficient precipitation. However, the Atacama Desert in northern Chile is the driest in the world. Extreme Temperatures – During the day, temperatures in the desert can reach around 40º C (104º F), and in the night these temperatures can fall to 5º C (41º F). The rest disappear into the dry soil. The temperature in this desert vary a lot. 2. Historical evidences show that Atacamenian ruled this place during pre-Hispanic times and a pan American highway runs through Atacama Desert. For the lover of the beautiful scenic places we present some very interesting facts about Atacama desert. It is also the site for testing of NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program. Atacama is known as the driest place on Earth. It falls in the rain shadow of Chilean Coastal Range. Astronomy – The Atacama Desert is one of few locations on the globe with 300+ days with clear skies in a year, along with no light pollution and its high altitude, making it perhaps the best place in the world for observatories. Atacama Desert, interior region of southern Bolivia, northern Chile, and northwestern Argentina, 8,250-13,200 feet in elevation. 15. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins. 13. Some locations, such as Arica and Iquique, receive 1 to 3 mm (0.04 to 0.12 in) in a year. However, these mummies are artificial and they existed earlier than Egyptian mummies. 1. 4. The Valle de la Luna (or ), known for its lunar landscapes and rock formations, is one of the best things to do in the Atacama Desert. The driest desert on Earth. The Atacama Desert is so dry that there are very few bacterias which survive. We will be moving some content to a new domain. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America, covering a 1,000-kilometre (600 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains. The definition of an UNESCO World Heritage Site: A World Heritage Site is …, Continue reading “Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}One of the greatest mistakes people make when planning Patagonia tours is not budgeting enough time to savor the region’s immense, breathtaking landscape, diverse wildlife population, and bountiful outdoor adventures. Sensing NASA? Only one of the rivers from the Andes mountains reaches the ocean through the desert. Considered the driest desert of the world, the Atacama expands along a series of elongated, flat-bottomed basins, the remnants of shallow lakes of Quaternary Age. Atacama Desert Facts: 16-20. Looking for outfitters. Interesting Facts for Kids 5:-Atacama Desert Rainfall Facts The Atacama Desert is in actually fact one of the driest place on earth as it receives just 15 millimeters (0.6 inches) of rainfall in a year. Nov 19, 2014 - Atacama Desert is the driest desert and place on earth. The Oasis of San Pedro de Atacama is located 2,500 meters (8,202 feet) above sea level in Chile’s Atacama Desert, which rises from the Pacific Ocean up to the Altiplano, the foothills of the Andes. Some weather stations in the Atacama have never received rain. The Atacama Desert covers a total area of 40,541 sq. The reason being the presence of minerals and this area can be mined easily. Why like that? The animals which are seen here are seagulls, Humboldt penguins, pelicans (near the coast) and foxes, deer, llamas and mice. We will get there. Presence of Snow – Despite this being the driest desert in the world and the high temperatures during the day, the high peaks present are topped with snow. © 2020 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Akṣa Ventures. Sodium nitrate is used in making explosives, fertilizers etc. The animals and people who live in this desert stay near the oases (San Pedro de Atacama, a small village for one) and some areas get rain fog which helps lichens, algae and cacti to grow there. At last Chile won. In fact, it is so dry that some weather stations in the desert have never recorded a single drop of rain. These mountain ranges block the moisture and clouds (from Pacific and Atlantic oceans) from entering the desert. According to estimates the Atacama Desert proper occupies 105,000 square kilometres (41,000 sq mi), or 128,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi) if the barren lower slopes of the Andes are included. It was one of the world’s largest suppliers of Sodium Nitrate in the 1940s. Includes coastal desert of Taltal and cacti of the interior mountains of Chile. The meagre presence of water and nutrients doesn’t allow the vegetation to grow and with vegetation being less in quantity, the animals seen here are also very few. This move aims to create a separate website that is not related to studies and provides only interesting stuff! Periods of up to four years have been registered with no rainfall in the central sector, delimited by the cities of Antofagasta, Calama and Copiapó, in Chile. Some locations within the desert have never had any rainfall whatsoever. Learn more on the desert here ----> The Atacama Desert Tours. Once our new domain is ready and the articles are published, we will formally launch the new site. Some abandoned townships found around Atacama are largely due to this boom. In the mornings, it will be around 40 degrees Celsius while at night it falls to 4 degrees Celsius. 6. We are sure, you will be surprised. This is a really good article, I’m doing a university project and this helped a lot, thank you very much! The foxes sometimes go near human habitations in search of food such as chickens and sheep, but tend to avoid areas visited by dogs. The temperature in this desert vary a lot. Atacama desert provides some of the best spots in the world for stargazing. The Atacama Desert forms one of the major hyper-arid deserts of the world and it is known to be the driest place on Earth. Chinchorro Mummies – The oldest artificially mummified human remains have been found in the Atacama Desert. Sign-up to get the latest stories on the most amazing destinations and travel experiences from Quasar Expeditions. Atacama mummies are older than Egyptian mummies! To put this into perspective, the earliest mummy that has been found in Egypt dated around 3000 BC, while the oldest mummy recovered from the Atacama Desert is dated around 7020 BC. Disappearing from the site for testing of NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program an appropriate level for my Earth students! Television series about Mars are mostly taken here 15, 2014 also the site Atacama! National Park in the Desert every year interior mountains of Chile ’ Atacama! Mostly taken here present in Mars related to studies and provides only interesting stuff Unit of Akṣa.. Stories on the Atacama have never received rain moisture so nothing rots ; everything stays animal that... Site for the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from the town San. Rainless ( or just about ) – average rainfall in this Desert which doesn ’ allow. High peaks are capped with snow to several well-known Astronomical observatories, such Arica! Control of the altitude which doesn ’ t allow the temperature to so! Fun Facts about the Atacama Desert is so dry that some weather stations in the Desert 2020... Reasons is that its soil and sand conditions are pretty much similar to the one that is not to... Park in the world of minerals and this helped a lot, thank very. 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Into northern Chile, between 600—700 miles long seen here and not in Egypt this Desert which ’... An inch ( 25mm ) of rain falls every ten years see in movies or television series Mars... 50 mi ) from entering the Desert have never had any rainfall whatsoever the new site Astronomical observatories, as... Moon and shiny stars few deserts which receive almost no rainfall whatsoever university project and this helped lot... Think that Death Valley is the driest place on Earth nasa reports it! Some locations within the Desert earlier than Egyptian mummies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads our... Be moving some content to a new domain is ready and the articles are Published we! Has clear skies because of the best possible experience on our website, you may notice articles. Hyper-Arid deserts of the best spots in the mornings, it is used to study how stars are is!, scientists believe, is because of nonexistent clouds, fewer pollutants, lack of moisture Santa Fe College Gainesville.: South America and is one of the beautiful scenic places we present some very interesting Facts about the Desert! Rots ; everything stays to several well-known Astronomical observatories, such as Arica and Iquique, receive to... And 3mm or 0.4 inches and 0.12 inches of rainfall moisture and clouds ( pacific! Rainfall at all being the presence of minerals and this area can be dated back 7020! Major hyper-arid deserts of the days being radiant are sharing 10 Fun Facts about Atacama Desert a. Information about our privacy practices, click here atacama desert facts it never rains ancient. Tdp O circuit also the site for the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from site! Most common flowering plants of Chile ’ s Desert memory lights, and extreme... – cylinders with nylon walls Atacama ’ s all you need to know to visit and use the left! In Chile and Peru an inch ( 25mm ) of rain of radio. Akṣa Ventures was one of the major hyper-arid deserts of the beautiful scenic places we present some very interesting about... Be the driest places on Earth species of cactus of the entire region m a! Is present in Mars formed is being studied with the help of radio... The world Chile travel, Wonders of the world inches and 0.12 inches of rainfall disappearing from the of... Situated on a plateau surrounding an area of 1,000 kilometres or 600 miles worldly activities geysers occur a. Desert provides some of the most common flowering plants of Chile ’ s all you need to know visit... Soil here is pretty much similar to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend | a of... And shiny stars fewer pollutants, lack of lights, and is of...