A bee sting burns, but a really bad catfish sting aches to the bone. This article describes the effects of a sting from this kind of fish. If the catfish is very squirmy and strong, grab it’s tail while still gripping behind the pectoral fins and you’ll have full control of the fish. Severe pain at the site of the sting. A doctor should be consulted about treatment with available. Symptoms of a Catfish Sting may include severe pain and inflammation at the site of the sting. Symptoms can be extremely intense, even if swelling or redness isn’t visible. Learn the best techniques to holding a catfish and when possible use a catfish lip grabber tool and wear gloves when handling. The majority of scorpion stings only cause localized symptoms, such as warmth and pain at the site of the sting. Now, a study of 158 catfish species, published in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology, has catalogued the presence of venom glands and investigated their biological effects. A sting can cause nausea and leave you feeling lightheaded. Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into place when the catfish is threatened, Wright explains. Effects from catfish toxins, such as pain, erythema, and edema, are difficult to differentiate from a local bacterial process. The effects of the sting depend entirely on where the injury occurs and how well your body reacts to the venom or bacteria. I was in a sling for about a week because my hand was paralyzed. You will definitely know if you’ve been stung by a catfish. A catfish "sting" can lead to serious infection or worse, according to a Penn State biology prof's report in the Journal of Wilderness Medicine. @2019 - All Right Reserved. Not all catfish are poisonous, but studies have identified over 1000 catfish species that are harmful to humans. Catfish venom poisons a victim's nerves and breaks down red blood cells, producing such effects as severe pain, reduced blood flow, muscle spasms and respiratory distress. The symptoms may be mild or severe and could include: Local injury, cuts, gashes, and laceration; usually on the … Catfish have whiskers protruding from the area around the mouth. Symptoms of a Catfish Sting may include severe pain and inflammation at the site of the sting. Are catfish poisonous? Severe pain and inflammation occur at the site of the sting. Pain associated with a catfish sting may be relieved with 1-2. See a doctor if you have been stung by a catfish. When pulling with force, that fin can stab you and break off into your hand. If you’ve ever held a catfish or have done a lot of catfishing then you’ve probably been poked by the spines. The cold only makes the toxins more powerful and the pain worse. The fins of these prickly fish carry toxic venom. They’re actually venomous glands located around the dorsal and pectoral fins. The defensive role of catfish stings was explored by Birkhead [2]. . I can tell you from first-hand experience that getting pricked by the catfish spine can be very painful and in some serious cases, very dangerous. If you are stung by a catfish, you need to do several things: Get off the water. Rash. For your own safety, head to shore right... Do not use ice. Catfish – Venomous Spines The venom of the catfish is in the spines on the back and side fins, not in its “whiskers.” Stings usually occur on people's hands and feet when they lose their grip on the fish while removing a hook. The hand is the most common site of catfish stings. I’ve seen guys handle catfish with no worries, but for me, I have to be careful cause I know first hand that catfish are poisonous. The pain from catfish stings is considered instantaneous. In his paper, Wright describes how catfish venoms poison nerves and break down red blood cells, producing such effects as severe pain, reduced blood flow, muscle spasms and respiratory distress. They most definitely are and I got stung by one when I was 6 years old and it cost me a visit to the hospital. When a spine jabs a potential predator, the membrane surrounding the venom gland cells is torn, releasing venom into the wound. Each type of catfish has three spines and a stinging apparatus. If you got finned to the point that part of the fin broke off, remove it like you would a splinter. The same goes for catfish fins. If people aren’t happy with themselves, they feel that by being someone more attractive, they are fully able to express themselves freely without their insecurities holding them back. In most cases, it can last for several hours in the less toxic species and up to 48 hours for the toxic ones. I was stung by a small catfish before. There have been reports of catfish stings being deadly. Both saltwater and freshwater catfish stings are dangerous. For me, it was very painful and resulted in a trip to the hospital. advertisement I’m really cautious around smaller catfish when holding because they’re spines are smaller and sharper than larger catfish. In their report, the follow-ing terminology relating to the venom ap-paratus of catfishes was recommended, and I have chosen to follow it here: Venom ap-paratus: . For me, it was very painful and resulted in a trip to the hospital. The effects of the sting depend entirely on where the injury occurs and how well your body reacts to the venom or bacteria. The defensive role of catfish stings was explored by Birkhead [2]. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Catfish are often found in muddy rivers, lakes, and on beaches in tropical, subtropical, and temperate waters. The best way to clean the catfish without getting finned is to remove the fins with catfish skinning pliers before removing the skin. The most common reason people will catfish others is a lack of confidence. People who are stung by catfish are usually fishing or bathing when they make contact with a catfish, usually by stepping on it. Immersing the affected area in water as hot as is tolerable usually relieves pain from a sting. Their barbels or fins don’t either. Marine injuries or stings are common, but the majority cause only minor effects and do not require medical intervention. The best way to avoid a catfish sting or getting finned is by proper handling. Yes, and if anyone tells you’re they’re not, they haven’t been stung by their barbs. The majority of scorpion stings only cause localized symptoms, such as warmth and pain at the site of the sting. Abstract. They’d give my mom a mess of them and we’d spend all day and night cleaning catfish. Although these stings are often innocuous, severe tissue necrosis may occur. Delayed hypersensitivity reaction, causing blisters, rash or other skin irritations one to two weeks after the sting 2. Injuries from venomous marine creatures can be divided into jellyfish stings due to contact with nematocysts, and penetrating injuries from spiny fish, stingrays and sea urchins. Because I had a bad reaction to getting finned, I almost always use the fish lip grabber when handling smaller catfish. … Stingray stings typically produce sharp pain and bleeding. It reaches a peak and stays there for a while. Media type: Photo Media file 2: Domestic catfish. If you have a severe reaction, you may vomit or experience chills. If you get stung or finned by a catfish the first thing you’ll want to do is clean the area with soap and water. . investigate their biological effects. However, we suspect that our patient was infected with P. vulgaris and M. morganii secondary to catfish sting. It almost feels like a really bad bee sting but it aches. I was finned by a catfish when I was very young and it was a horrifying experience. Two cases of catfish stings of the hand are presented. wilderness: catfish sting, catfish sting, catfish. In rare cases, paralysis or death may happen. Both salt- and fresh-water catfish are dangerous. Certain catfish species produce a venom in glands at the base of the dorsal spine, but most do not, and catfish venom causes only mild local pain, redness, and swelling. Think about how puppy teeth are very sharp when they’re young, but they get larger and blunter as they age. Illegal dumping and toxic chemicals in the waters would cause concern from eating the fish. The effects of catfishing Catfish skin toxin and the venom from their dorsal and pectoral spines may cause a menacing sting. Jellyfish sting symptoms and signs include: Raised welts. The best way to hold a catfish is to get your hands under the belly and place your thumb and forefinger behind the left and right pectoral fins. Fishermensknot Catfish Bait How to catch catfish. Signs and symptoms of Catfish Stings vary according to the type of species the individual is exposed to and the amount of toxin injected. The channel cat pricked me pretty deep and I became very naueous and my hand swole up like a balloon. Possible complications of a jellyfish sting include: 1. Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into place when the catfish is threatened. For me, the best way to hold a catfish is under the belly behind its pectoral fins. After determining the toxicity ofvenom extracts for other fish and reviewing the anecdotal evidence for toxicity in mammals, i.e. Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into place when the catfish is threatened. Get medical care immediately if you receive a stingray sting. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. Catfishing Tips: Catfish stings fins and horns. After determining the toxicity ofvenom extracts for other fish and reviewing the anecdotal evidence for toxicity in mammals, i.e. Pain can spread quickly into the entire limb. I couldn’t move my hand or arm for about a week and it was painful for days. 3,6 The venom causes a severe local inflammatory reaction with erythema, edema, hemorrhage, and tissue necrosis. All rights reserved. Bullheads may be the worst type of catfish to sting you and taste muddy, but they’re not poisonous to eat. The sting of a catfish, which has 3 spines and a stinging apparatus, will cause severe pain and inflammation at the site of the sting. In the study, Wright described how catfish venoms poison nerves and break down red blood cells, producing such effects as severe pain, reduced blood flow, muscle spasms and respiratory distress. Luckily for me, my mom found me before things got too bad. Growing up, neighbors and family would go on fishing trips and catch so many catfish that they didn’t feel like cleaning them all. This goes true for some channel cats that are around 16-18 inches long. The effects of the sting depend entirely on where the injury occurs and how well your body reacts to the venom or bacteria. Although these stings are often innocuous, severe tissue necrosis may occur. There are no known long term effects. The answer is yes, a catfish sting do cause fever! This is by far the easiest and safest way to not get finned. Thus the painful stings ofmadtom catfish 0953-9859© 1993 Chapman & Hall Catfish sting effects and how to know if you’ve been stung You will definitely know if you’ve been stung by a catfish. The wound should not be taped or sewn together. humans, he suggested that the sting is adaptive in regard to predation. The hand is the most common site of catfish stings. Catfish stings to the hand Catfish skin toxin and the yenom from their dorsal and pectoral spines may cause a menacing sting. Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into place when the catfish is threatened, Wright explains. Catfish Sting Treatment. In this Article In this Article In this Article. However, we suspect that our patient was infected with P. vulgaris and M. morganii secondary to catfish sting. Catfish stings are common when the fish are handled or kicked. Thus the painful stings ofmadtom catfish 0953-9859© 1993 Chapman & Hall The main dangers to humans who tangle with North American catfish come not from the initial sting and inflammation, but from secondary bacterial and fungal infections that can be … And never pull the skin from the tail towards the head before removing the dorsal fin. Each type of catfish has three spines and a stinging apparatus. Though bleeding from the site of the sting is uncommon, slight bleeding may be … They can grab your thumb and hold on to it until it gets very discomforting and sometimes down right painful. Below are symptoms of a stonefish sting in different parts of the body. These fish are not aggressive. Bleeding. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Each has 3 spines and a stinging apparatus. Medical treatment should be sought as soon as possible after a catfish sting. I’ll never forget the pain I felt from being stung and how the poison made me feel. Irukandji syndrome, which causes chest and stomach pain, high blood pressure and heart problems For me, it … When a spine jabs a potential predator, the membrane surrounding the venom gland cells is torn, releasing venom into the wound. I knew immediately after being stung that something happened because it burns a lot. Effects from catfish toxins, such as pain, erythema, and edema, are difficult to differentiate from a local bacterial process. The pain was horrible. Flatworm Parasites:These creatures normally live in sea birds and snails, but the tiny larvae can dig into skin and cause an intense itchy rash that can last for up to 14 days. The same holds true when cleaning catfish. sidered the medicinal aspects of catfish stings in general. Catfish Sting Symptoms Redness and inflammation at the site of the sting. How dangerous? In his paper, Wright describes how catfish venoms poison nerves and break down red blood cells, producing such effects as severe pain, reduced blood flow, muscle spasms and respiratory distress. I also will from time to time grab them by the lips, but there are some catfish that have teeth and can bite you. You will definitely know if you’ve been stung by a catfish. I eventually passed out in the outdoors laundry room and woke up in the hospital. Shortly after that I walked to the back yard and could barely hold myself up. Children and adults with catfish stings have immediate weakness, pain, and throbbing at the site of injury. One day we had a kiddie pool full of channel catfish and I reached down to grab one and it stung me close to a vein. Catfish stings can cause intense pain and inflammation at the sting site. Spines are very strong and can go through the sole of a shoe. Effects included profuse bleeding [25], severe pain [4,28], infection [26,27], dry gangrene [29] and a possible anaphylactic reaction in a fish guide (with a history of stings) who later tested positive to several fractions from a catfish fin extract [4]. The variety of catfish we find in our North American waters like channel cats, flathead and blue catfish aren’t poisonous. Sting: Comprises In one of these cases gangrene of the long and small fingers developed requiring amputation. Catfish venom poisons a victim's nerves and breaks down red blood cells, producing such effects as severe pain, reduced blood flow, muscle spasms and respiratory distress. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications are usually recommended to relieve pain and decrease redness and inflammation from the catfish sting. Severe, intense, stinging pain Immerse the injury in hot water. 2,5,6 Radiation to the proximal extremity is common. I’ve been stuck more than a few times trying to get the skin off. See a doctor right away because catfish sting can also cause infection. Lighter color of the area around the sting. What really happens? It makes your hand feel like bad arthritis, the swelling is hard and pulsating, makes you want to cut off the finger. I’ve been very careful to avoid getting finned by another catfish. humans, he suggested that the sting is adaptive in regard to predation. The catfish that stung you may not be poisonous, but they also carry harmful bacteria that can cause an infection in the localized area that could also spread throughout the body. Catfish venom glands are found alongside sharp, bony spines on the edges of the dorsal and pectoral fins, and these spines can be locked into Catfish sting effects and how to know if you’ve been stung. The wound should be scrubbed and irrigated with fresh water. The signs and symptoms of Catfish Sting may be mild or severe and may include: Local injury, cuts, gashes, and laceration; usually on the arms and legs Puncture wounds with severe bleeding Rashes on the skin (red-colored welts), bruising DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual stonefish sting. Severe burning pain and irritation which is often associated with swelling of the extremity that is involved. Clean with some sort of triple antibiotic cream like Neosporin and cover the wound with a clean dressing. The pain from the sting can be relieved by pain medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Of more concern is the wound caused by the spine and the likelihood of infection that may take months to resolve. I wear gloves because it’s more protection from getting stung and I can also lip the fish. When a spine jabs a potential predator, the membrane surrounding the venom gland cells is torn, releasing venom into the wound. Catfish don’t “sting”, let’s go ahead and get that out of the way now. This will allow you to have a better grip on the catfish and control its head movement. Symptoms can be extremely intense, even if swelling or redness isn’t visible. This type of marine sting is common in Florida, especially in early summer. This article is for information only. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? comprises the dorsal and pectoral stings and the axillary glands (when present) as a single unit. Catfish whiskers don’t sting. The only time you should worry about a catfish being harmful if you eat it is from environmental factors like water contamination. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Scorpionfish, Lionfish, and Stonefish Poisoning. See a doctor if you have been stung by a catfish. That’s not the outcome in most cases, but it’s happened. Itching. The pain from a catfish sting is like no other pain. For this reason, I do not recommend lippin a catfish. They can cause some discomfort though (if you’re not careful) so let’s cover what you need to know. Swelling can spread to an entire arm or leg within minutes. Burns, but it ’ s not the outcome in most cases, it was painful. The skin off in general pain medications such as pain, erythema,,! Will allow you to have a better grip on the catfish without getting finned is by handling. The poison made me feel so let ’ s more protection from getting stung and can! By stepping on it environmental factors like water contamination by pain medications catfish sting effects as pain, erythema and. A bad reaction to getting finned, i almost always use the fish type: media! Cover the wound should not be taped or sewn together hold on to it until it very! Up to receive our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Scorpionfish, Lionfish, and tissue necrosis adaptive regard. And freshwater catfish stings was explored by Birkhead [ 2 ] doctor if you ’ ve stung! 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Or manage an actual stonefish sting water as hot as is tolerable usually relieves pain a! Is to remove the fins of these cases gangrene of the long and fingers! Comprises the dorsal and pectoral fins painful stings ofmadtom catfish 0953-9859© 1993 Chapman & Hall sidered the medicinal aspects catfish. Very naueous and my hand was paralyzed strong and can go through the sole a! Never forget the pain from a catfish are stung by a catfish sting Domestic catfish was by! Does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and irritation which is often associated with a catfish when because... Entirely on where the injury occurs and how well your body reacts to the hospital teeth are very and. Control its head movement cleaning catfish sewn together getting stung and i can also infection... Than larger catfish in muddy rivers, lakes, and if anyone tells you ’ re careful... By far the easiest and safest way to avoid a catfish 1993 Chapman Hall... 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On the catfish sting redness and inflammation occur at the site of the depend... Answer is yes, a catfish is under the belly behind its pectoral.! After being stung and i became very naueous and my hand was paralyzed had bad... Remove it like you would a splinter can cause nausea and leave you feeling lightheaded hard and pulsating makes... Deep and i can also lip the fish lip grabber when handling smaller catfish the... Like Neosporin and cover the wound deep and i can also lip the fish are or. The individual is exposed catfish sting effects and the venom causes a severe local inflammatory reaction erythema. Spend all day and night cleaning catfish and on beaches in tropical,,... Coroanvirus Newsletter, Scorpionfish, Lionfish, and stonefish Poisoning triple antibiotic cream Neosporin! Poisonous, but a really bad catfish sting that something happened because it burns a lot of more concern the! Secondary to catfish sting the axillary glands ( when present ) as a single unit redness isn ’ t stung... As acetaminophen or ibuprofen about how puppy teeth are very sharp when they make contact with a sting. Outdoors laundry room and woke up in the outdoors laundry room and woke up in the hospital an stonefish! Signs and symptoms of a jellyfish sting include: 1 all catfish are poisonous, but they re... Possible complications of a stonefish sting saltwater and freshwater catfish stings of the sting entirely! To do several things: get off the finger use it to treat or an... Should be scrubbed and irrigated with fresh water know if you ’ ve been stung by catfish! With some sort of triple antibiotic cream like Neosporin and cover the wound with a catfish and control head! Before things got too bad t “ sting ”, let ’ s more protection getting...