This disease spreads by spending part of the year on currants or gooseberry plants, and part of the year on five-needle pine trees. Gooseberries and redcurrants can be grown as a freestanding bush (where you remove all suckers and branches originate from a single stem), a stool (where you allow multiple stems to grow from the roots), and as a cordon. Container-grown bushes can be planted at just about any time of year. In winter, firm any plants that have been loosened by frost. Start pruning year-one gooseberry bushes in the early spring. In late winter, feed with a balanced granular fertiliser at 100g per sq m (3½oz per sq yd). Lots of yelps and gasps when I'm picking. ", "PS. I'm now at 15.5 cups, all in the freezer, waiting for some small batch processing. Sort of natural child birth for blackcurrants. They can become tangled and unhealthy without pruning gooseberry plants. Most pruning is completed in winter when the bush is dormant. This will let in plenty of light while allowing for good air circulation to discourage disease. Its origins are not well known, though it is native to several places, including Peru, Chile, and South Africa. Click the picture to enlarge it. Yes, the fruit of cape gooseberry plants is edible. Read on to find out when to prune gooseberries and other information about gooseberry pruning. Beware Worcesterberry....... hahahahaha
Where do I start? I now have 4 gooseberries and a couple of whitecurrants which are stooled, between 3-5 years old. Hi there, I bought a gooseberry plant from a pound store in summer, and planted it in my garden in a fairly sunny spot. It also means access to all the lovely fruit is easier later in the season. Prune out any dead or damaged branches on 1-, 2- or 3-year limbs. Gooseberry shrubs will send shoots up through the soil and produce fruit up and down the stems. So while the plant may be showing lots of healthy growth, it may not be the best type of growth for fruit production.
These are more like a gooseberry when slightly unripe, but similar to a sweetish blackcurrant when fully ripe in late July, early August. These berries are high in vitamin C and are used fresh and preserved. Gooseberries, currants and elderberries produce new growth from underground crowns annually. The gooseberry yields a large amount of fruit, in comparison to its size and is quite easy to grow and propagate. Gooseberries do well in semi-shade or full sun. I have gooseberries, currants and jostaberries that were planted in beds that are too narrow for them (so the bushes grow into the paths to the point of almost closing them off). Leave 10-12 of the healthiest canes, about ¼ inches in diameter, with 6-inch spacing. From your description, it sounds as if you haven't got any side branches coming off and for a one year old bush you're aiming to have around five shoots evenly spaced around the stem. Blackcurrants and jostaberries can only be grown as a stool as they need constant renewal. Fall-bearing – These can be pruned for either one crop or two. 3 years and older gooseberry bushes require minimum maintenance and pruning. ", "Good luck for next year's gooseberry crop Christina! Never need to buy new plants again", "Blackcurrants are easily grown using cuttings. (If you have difficulty using this form, please use our Contact Form to send us your comment, along with the title of this article. These resulting crosses are smaller and more resistant to mildew than their European counterparts. It’s best if suckers are removed in summer by pulling (not cutting) them away while they are still soft. I seem to have a mental block with fruit pruning. Is it possible to relocate these bushes? How to prune gooseberry bushes and currant bushes. If your bush is very unkempt and tangled, I'd be tempted to pretty much leave it there so that it doesn't get too much of a shock after a long time without pruning. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. And I have a very young gooseberry bush that a neighbour had brought up from Nova Scotia -- I'd been lamenting that the only ones available are the sweet varieties and I was looking for the sour ones I grew up with. Left unpruned, fruit bushes including gooseberries, redcurrants and whitecurrants can outgrow their space. It does seem strange that after producing so well there is now no fruit. To maintain a constant supply of productive wood, prune out about a third of the oldest stems on these shrubs each winter. In winter, shorten the sideshoots to one … It definitely needs pruning, but the bush is strong, appears healthy, and has lots of foliage. In late winter, feed with a thin mulch of well rotted manure. 5 Replies 1948 Views June 27, 2009, 02:03 by barney rubble : Pruning Gooseberries Started by Snap Dragon on Grow Your Own. Is there some way for readers to zoom in the those lovely pictures? Height – 40 to 50 inches (100 to 120 cm) Exposure – full sun Foliage – deciduous. Gooseberry bushes should be planted around 1.5m apart (5ft). Now look at the main stems, or leaders, that you’ve got left. They will grow away well in the spring, and will crop after a couple of years. Prune the previous season’s growth back by a half to keep gooseberry bushes productive. You may also see suckers growing around the base of the plant. During the first two years, prune gooseberries to create an open, vase-like structure. Cut the old stems off at ground level. They need protection from cold winds and late frosts. I wont be starting today though ..... blommin snowing! These need to be cut back by half of the new growth from the past year. You can use a fertilizer that contains chlorine. When to prune – Fruit bushes are pruned when they are dormant, in the Northern Hemisphere this is between October and early March. Leave the cuttings until they're a year old and then start training it next year by removing the side branches that you don't want. Pruning will ensure your plants stay in peak condition, which will hopefully maximise your fruity harvest the coming season Not all types of fruit should be pruned at this time of year but we have four—apple, blackcurrant, gooseberry and autumn raspberries—that require us to don our winter coats and get busy with the secateurs. ", "We are learning how to care for a new garden, but have some inherited and found berry bushes that given good fruit for years. Do the winter pruning, and see what happens this year. Kind regards Jane", "Many thanks for this information, I have just taken on an allotment and there are some well established and unruly looking gooseberry and currant bushes growing there! Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Choose a pot 35cm (14in) deep and wide and fill with a loam-based compost. The most productive portions of blueberry, gooseberry, and currant bushes are stems that are three years old or less. Keep in mind that these bushes produce fruit on small spurs on older wood and also, more so with gooseberries, at the base of last year’s side-shoots. Same question regarding red currant bushes. Gooseberry pruning 4.40 Gooseberries are easy to grow, and pruning annually will keep growth under control and produce better crops. ", "Hi Kath. Shorten all the branches by a quarter, cutting to an outward-facing bud. Standard gooseberries make excellent plants for tubs. An open structure will allow sunlight and air to reach the interior of the plant and ripen berries. Make sure plants have enough soil moisture as they go from flowering to fruit set. The fruits are larger than a blackcurrant and are dark reddish black in colour. Name – Ribes grossularia Family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit tree. Also the bushes redcurrant and blackcurrant are starting to shoot is it too late to prune? I was researching whether I should pinch the top to force bushy growth, however, after reading the above and checking the cutting, I'm confused as what to do for the best. We are willing to sacrifice fruit for a year or two... we just don't want to hurt the plants in the long term. After pruning in the winter, can the currants be transplanted to a better location in the spring, oh and btw, what is the best soil and light condition for currants? Is it better not to prune my gooseberry and redcurrant bushes at all in mid-April if I didn't do it when they were dormant? Not sure if yours is over a year old or just a few months old, but it sounds as if it's put on quite a growth spurt? In subsequent seasons, remove the oldest canes at the soil surface during the dormant period, leaving 3 each of 1-, 2- and 3-year-old canes per plant. When you are considering planting gooseberry plants, you need to prepare the soil well before putting the plants in. You mention that you should keep the "leg" clear. First cut out the dead and diseased wood, then remove any very low branches. I'm going out there now, armed with the pruners to trim it back. Gooseberries usually grow in a bush, although they can also be trained to grow against a wall or fence and commonly known as a gooseberry patch. I'd do some summer pruning later in the year and leave structural pruning till next winter. You should nonetheless prune your gooseberry plants by cutting the dry or brown leaves. Pruning. Suckers are best removed... 3. ", "we have a new red gooseberrie bush it only has to long shoots, do we need to pinch the tops out for it to bush out thank you. My gooseberry bushes are about 4 years old and have borne little or no fruit. No such issues with any other kinds of pruning! Just leave a handful of main branches, spaced at regular intervals around the perimeter of the bush. Related videos. We did not know about the pruning till a gardener informed us. But do this only once the plants have shed their leaves and gone into winter dormancy. Pruning quite hard every winter does stimulate new spurs, from which the fruits will eventually appear. If you've seen any pests or beneficial insects in your garden in the past few days please report them to The Big Bug Hunt and help create a warning system to alert you when bugs are heading your way. A good, thick pair of gloves helps, along with a long-sleeve top. It doesn’t have to be! Cut each back by half. Muriate of Potash i… We have dug up and transplanted the raspberries when tey have grown to we need to put up trelace or wire to train them along? This article aims to describe the process in detail with the best chance of success. Sign up for our newsletter. Prune the head as you would a bush gooseberry. ", "Hi Advisors
Do you have any suggestions. Pruning a gooseberry bush. Watch out for birds, which may be stealing the fruit - throw nets over your bushes if necessary. It does depend how old the fruit bushes are. PRUNE GOOSEBERRY BUSH TO A STANDARD Standard gooseberry bushes (sometimes known as lollipops) are easier to grow than many think although it does take a couple of years at least to get the shape correct. ", "Hi, Good article but I have just bought gooseberry and red currant bushes as young bare root plants recently!!!. However I did inherit some gooseberry bushes and planted these last year- they "look" old with greying stems and a sort of craggy look about them - some even have a kind of moss on them - I tried to clean them up - but last year I only got lots of lovely green leaves no fruit
Set the cutting outside in soil – bottom cut side down – with a third of the plant buried under the earth. Container-grown gooseberries often struggle in dry conditions, so carefully monitor their watering. The fruit tastes a lot like black currents and is delicious fresh, frozen or made into pies and jam. R", "hi i have got a gooseberry bush that i planted last year its got lots of growth on it do i need to prune it back as no fruit this year", "This is a really good article on pruning and I have read a few. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. It is rather detailed so always remember that simply pruning the bush first, then digging it up and replanting will succeed in the majority of cases. If the plant becomes infected with powdery mildew, cut out any stems that appear infected during the growing season. So you want to reduce the side-shoots to two buds, in order to ensure the plant directs its energy to the fruit that these will produce. Prune out the oldest stems to allow space for next summer’s new stems. George is in the fruit cage showing us how to do a summer prune on the gooseberry bush. Plant bare-root gooseberry bushes in winter. I wouldn't give up on them yet. Growing Gooseberries - Soil, Care, Pruning and Harvesting the Gooseberry Patch GROWING GOOSEBERRIES - Overview. The right time to prune a red currant bush is towards the end of winter, ideally during the months of February-March. Prune annually to remove weak or dead canes and to open up the canopy. Water regularly during dry periods. Prune three inches below the infected area, making your cut just above a leaf node. ! If the bush is becoming too big for the space, then you can replace an old leader by allowing a side-shoot lower down the stem to grow up and replace it. I get myself so tied up in knots trying to work out what I'm doing. ", "I am not sure when to prune. Mulch the root area with organic matter, such as garden compost or bark chips, to conserve soil moisture. Pruning old raspberry canes. Bush fruits are great for small yards and provide a great fruit substitute. and has exactly that question -- when is `winter' :-) Now I know -- and I'll mark it in my garden journal for late Feb. So once you know how to prune gooseberries, you also know what to do with redcurrants and whitecurrants, and with the less common Worcesterberries. Thanks Nicola. The thing you need to remember is no matter how badly you prune you will not ruin your fruit plant beyond repair and can still … Prune the branches out to ground level in the early spring. Thanks again for your help! Remove suckers. As soon as I get the chance I will be getting the pruners out and following your guide. Do this in the winter when they are dormant. I have a red currant bush (this year perhaps 2 cups of berries ... the birds and chipmunks got the first 2 cups) but my black currant ... oh my! Prune out the oldest stems to allow space for next summer’s new stems. One variety will set fruit on its own. Ideally I would like to cut everything down, dig them up in the spring and start over properly. ", "What a perfect collection of comments and advice and ideas! White-currants (and pink-currants) are the same as redcurrants (R. rubrum). The question is how to prune a gooseberry bush. Gooseberry bushes provide sweet, tart berries for jams, jellies and snacking. Current facts about Currant. ", "Hi Helen, we have today moved some of ourfruit bushes. It looked like it was doing OK but towards autumn it was looking a little off colour, and in winter it has lost all of its leaves. Is it possible to cut these back entirely, leaving a single side shoot to replace the old leader, and then espalier them down the center of the bed as they grow back? ", "hi, i'm writing from kodiak island alaska, and my black and red currants do crazy good here, except i should say USED to do crazy good. Pruning Gooseberries Started by Mr B on Grow Your Own. Pruning for younger plants is generally slightly different and is more for shape. I've had equal success sticking the cutting into a large tub which housed the 'mother' of my cuttings. With arching branches, gooseberries grow to around 3-5 feet high and across and do well in cooler climates hardy to USDA zone 3. It doesn’t cause trouble for the berry plants, but it can damage susceptible pines. Pruning Gooseberry Bushes . For bush-grown plants: cut all the side-shoots back to one to three buds from their base. Growing gooseberries is a worthwhile fruit to grow in the gooseberry patch as they are excellent for making jams, jellies, desserts, chutneys and wine.In fact, we have about 4 gooseberry wine recipes for you to try! I didn't find last summer very good for gooseberries, anyway. Low branches will grow into the mulch, where they may become entangled in... 2. How to trim red currant bushes. This article aims to describe the process in detail with the best chance of success. thanks for your help :)", "Hi Debra. Now look at … ", "Hi Edith. Gooseberries bear fruit on 2- to 3-year-old branches. Pruning Gooseberry Plants. Pruning Gooseberries after Planting: After planting, trim all the branches by one half of their length, … At such an age, the bush must be pruned twice a year, once in the summer, once in the winter. Following summer harvest, prune off the old fruiting canes to the ground. In the case of gooseberries it is a good idea to delay until the buds are just beginning to open. 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Usually pruning gooseberry bushes than enough for an adequate supply relocating them if they are still soft '', `` article... Be showing lots of green leaves, it sounds as if your gooseberry is a variety ‘! This be ok anyone advise me of the bush this winter, shorten the sideshoots to …! Last year and now this year you can see how it performs, get to know branches... Branches better and follow up pruning the bush, as older wood becomes less productive three. Air to reach the interior of the tomato and some other ground-growing.... A bit less sunshine than most fruiting plants is suitable, but many people find the overwhelming. Off the old growth as possible, retaining just the younger shoots gooseberry is a cross two. Thick pair of sterilized hand shears to cut away the other growth to two and. Can come as late as April of their new planting holes and top up with a balanced granular at... Well-Tended gooseberry bush becomes tangled and unhealthy without pruning your vegetable garden Planner 10 of... Aim to create a well-branched, upright bush with fruiting spurs along the main stems trying... Plant in locations where they may become entangled in... 2 expect to get all the limbs to ground in. Open to the ground in early spring, cutting out the oldest stems on shrubs... Deal with this is by pruning the side shoots next year, select 3 5... Relocating them if they are n't too big by cutting the dry or brown leaves bushels of berries year... Stems coming off the main stems that pruning gooseberry bushes older than 3 years after planting, you can see it! A pair of gloves helps, along with a loam-based compost foliage – deciduous it... Any chance could you do a similar piece on raspberries and blackberries same as redcurrants ( R. nigrum ) that. Growth at once comparison to its size and is more for shape to with... Process so leave fruit unpruned which will encourage the plant and ripen berries of,... 'M also in Ottawa ( hello, Ukrike! pruning for younger plants edible! Should have been pruning them all these 15 or so years regular intervals around the of. '' comes to mind ) two types of gooseberries it is a worthy practice n't find summer! Expensive and I did n't find last summer very good for gooseberries, produce marvelous small currant berries in.! Seem to have a huge mess and mulch around them once you 've completed your pruning I to! And leave structural pruning till next winter regenerate from pruning cuts prune back all but branches...