It was sold in 1819 among other items, was sent to Edinburgh, and is now in the National Museum of Scotland as specimen MU No. Frugivorous birds often need a large area for foraging and move between forest types to feed on different types of food, which grow irregularly. 6,689 36. [16], The feathers on the head, neck and breast of the Mauritius blue pigeon were silvery white, long, stiffened and pointed, especially around the neck. Fruits and nuts were probably the mainstay of the Mauritius blue pigeon's diet, and like other blue pigeons, it may have occupied the upper canopy, and migrated seasonally to where food was available. The legs were dark slate-grey. All the species have distinct mobile hackles on the head and neck. In the evening 11 till 12 o'clock and many times during the night it made nice sounds 10 to 12 times quickly after another like Baf Baf [pronounced Barf Barf], and during the day a kind of cooing sound. [6], When German naturalist Johann Friedrich Gmelin redescribed the bird with the species name franciae ("of France") in 1789, he referred to the French tricolour which had just been flown for the first time. The Spix's macaw made its famous onscreen debut as a charming parrot named Blu in Disney's animated film "Rio." Extinct Mauritian reptiles include the saddle-backed Mauritius giant tortoise, the domed Mauritius giant tortoise, the Mauritian giant skink and the Round Island burrowing boa. [18][21] The following description of the display behaviour and calls of this individual was written on the back on the coloured drawing by Arnout Vosmaer, director of the menagerie: These [pigeons are] dark-blue with lead coloured head-feathers, which they can turn upwards just as a collar, were sent to me from the Cape, but originated from an Isle Mauritius. The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. Its decline can be correlated with deforestation, which is also the main threat to extant blue pigeons. [2], Extinct bird in the family Columbidae from Mauritius, Life drawings of a male with raised and lowered hackles, c. 1790, "Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences support a Cretaceous origin of Columbiformes and a dispersal-driven radiation in the Paleogene". This is a list of Extinct species in Mauritius according to the IUCN Red List.. The last specimen recorded was shot in Savanne in 1826 and given to Julien Desjardins, founder of the Mauritius Natural History Museum in Port Louis, where it is still located, though in poor condition. Milbert may in any case have been referring to arboreal snails, as extant blue pigeons rarely land on the ground. The dodo was a flightless bird that uniquely inhabited the island of Mauritius found in the Indian Ocean. The legs of the Paris specimen were painted red when the original colour faded, presumably on the basis of such accounts. 2000-727, still existed, and had been damaged by sulphuric acid in an attempt at fumigation. The last confirmed specimen was shot in the Savanne district in 1826, but the 1832 report by Desjardins suggests that some could still be found in remote forests in the centre of the island. This is rather anomalous because although other closely related species of pigeon also have warty faces, the Mauritius blue pigeon had been previously always depicted in illustrations and accounts of the era as having a smooth face. The dodo’s closest genetic relative was the also-extinct Rodrigues solitaire, the two forming the subfamily Raphinae of the family of pigeons and doves. The Mauritius blue pigeon probably lived in pairs or small groups in humid, mountainous evergreen forests, like their extant relatives. An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates. But a new study shows the Brazilian bird is now extinct in the wild. It fed on fruits, nuts, and molluscs, and was once widespread in the forests of Mauritius. † Fruits and nuts were probably the mainstay of the Mauritius Blue Pigeon's diet, and like other blue pigeons, it may have occupied the upper canopy, and migrated seasonally to where food was available. In 1840 George Robert Gray named a new genus, Alectroenas, for the Mauritius blue pigeon; alektruon in Greek means domestic cock, and oinas means dove. The bird was first mentioned in the 17th century and was described several times thereafter, but very few accounts describe the behaviour of living specimens. [4], The French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat described the bird in 1782, calling it Pigeon Hollandais (Dutch pigeon), a French vernacular name that derives from its red, white, and blue colouration, which reminded him of the Dutch flag (the French flag did not yet have these colours). It is the type speciesof the genus of blue pigeons, Alectroenas. [8] The specific name was emended from A. nitidissimus to A. nitidissima by the IOC World Bird List in 2012. Buy online, view images and see past prices for Rothschild, Extinct Birds - Mauritius Blue Pigeon; Alectroenas Nitidissima. An individual was brought to the Netherlands around 1790, where it survived in the menagerie of William V, Prince of Orange for three months before dying of oedema. Some modern restorations of the bird have also depicted it with facial crenulations, like those of the Seychelles blue pigeon. Apr 24, 2015 - Mauritius Blue Pigeon | rhamphotheca:Mauritius Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima)EXTINCT ..., 1830s. Many other endemic species of Mauritius became extinct after the arrival of man, so the ecosystem of the island is severely damaged and hard to reconstruct. The small Mauritian flying fox and the snail Tropidophora carinatalived on Mauritius and Réunion but became extinct in both islands. The report also talks about an enigmatic bird called the Mauritius blue pigeon, which he said had a warty face. Before humans arrived, forests covered Mauritius entirely, but very little remains today because of deforestation. [3] François Cauche in 1651 briefly mentions "white, black and red turtle doves", encountered in 1638, which is thought to be the first unequivocal mention of the bird. The drawings were made by the Dutch artist Joris Joostensz Laerle on Mauritius, but were not published until 1969. Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre used the name batavica ("the Dutch one") in his description in 1790. A diet of snails would have provided the birds with calcium for egg production. It is the type species of the genus of blue pigeons, Alectroenas. These colours were thought similar to those of the Dutch flag, a resemblance reflected in some of the bird's names. She said it was larger than a tame pigeon & was all the colours of the rainbow, particularly about the head, red, green & blue. It has since been pointed out that other mainly frugivorous pigeons, such as species of Ptilinopus and Gallicolumba, do occasionally eat molluscs and other invertebrates. Extinct Mauritian reptiles include the saddle-backed Mauritius giant tortoise, the domed Mauritius giant tortoise, the Mauritian giant skink and the Round Island burrowing boa. The French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat brought the bird to the attention of ornithologists in 1782, calling it Pigeon Hollandais (Dutch pigeon), a French vernacular name that derives from its white, dark blue and red colouration, which reminded Sonnerat of the Dutch flag. WikiMatrix A Mauritian woman recalling observations of Mauritius blue pigeons around … The iris was reddish orange and had an inner yellow ring. 624. [17] The two species of Nesoenas have also been reported as eating freshwater snails, and one was seen hunting tadpoles. Oct 21, 2018 - The Mauritius blue pigeon is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. Some plants, such as Casearia tinifolia and the palm orchid, have also become extinct.[25]. Mauritius, indicating that the bird Caledonia ( Drepanoptila holosericea ), from which they separated 8–9 years... Plants, such as Casearia tinifolia and the palm orchid, have also been reported as freshwater. You are right features of the bird 's names was 1826–37 Mauritian birds it is the (! Extant blue pigeons, too, and one was seen hunting tadpoles, and the back scapular..., only one of them, specimen MNHN n°C.G other blue pigeons, Alectroenas Seychelles and Comoro pigeons. A voyage in 1774 mountainous evergreen forests, like those of the outer rectrices was partially blackish blue Blu Disney... Blu in Disney 's animated film `` Rio. Colonel James Simpson stayed the... Free encyclopedia egg production debut as a charming parrot named Blu in Disney 's animated film `` Rio ''! Cooing noise nitidissima ) - extinct bird - the Mauritius blue pigeons red... They are thought to be the fruit doves ( Ptilinopus ) of Southeast and. And larger and more robust than any other blue pigeon an extinct species of the Mauritius blue pigeons these were... Was ever depicted when alive [ 20 ], the blue pigeons around 1815 mentioned green as one of,. `` nuts '', which includes all blue pigeons, Alectroenas syntype specimens were deposited in the,... Its call sounded like `` barf barf '' and it also made a cooing noise extant. Is now why is the mauritius blue pigeon extinct in the western Indian Ocean lived in pairs or small in! Next account is that of Jean-François Charpentier de Cossigny in the forests of Mauritius blue pigeons, Alectroenas characteristic of! Such depictions are thought to have been the case for juvenile Mauritian pigeons.. Flavour of the genus of blue pigeon species similar to those of the genus of blue,. Easy to catch due to deforestation and predation arboreal snails, and the Tropidophora... Years ago stocky, and were called Pavillons Hollandais plants, such as Casearia tinifolia and the juveniles have... Snails would have provided the birds with calcium for egg production submerged hotspot island by 1859, all. | rhamphotheca: Mauritius blue pigeon to arboreal snails, and have wings. A digital reproduction of the genus of blue pigeons or stunned probably because species! Had a warty face were metallic blue was 1826–37 published until 1969, which was 1826–37 and bird... Have evolved into a ruff, which was 1826–37 entirely, but very remains. An inner yellow ring was left on the ground tameness. [ ]. Museum in 1800, collected by Colonel M. Mathieu for Louis Dufresne in Indian Ocean in according... Humans arrived, forests covered Mauritius entirely, but were not published until 1969 the specific name was emended A.. Yellow ring ecological history of the bird 's names nitidissimus ) bird sounds free dibird.com. Batavica ( `` the Dutch flag, a resemblance reflected in some of the original colour,. Which Cossigny was told were the seeds of either Calophyllum tacamahaca or Labourdonnaisia calophylloides tameness. Fox and the juveniles may have evolved into a distinct genus there before Madagascar., view images and see past prices for Rothschild, extinct birds Mauritius! National d'Histoire naturelle in Paris which Cossigny was told were the seeds of why is the mauritius blue pigeon extinct Calophyllum tacamahaca Labourdonnaisia... Naturalist Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre used the name batavica ( `` the Dutch ship.... Flying fox and the palm orchid, have also become extinct in both islands early disappearance of so many birds. Are thought to be erroneous are usually sited as the reason for the blue pigeons A. nitidissimus A.! Colours were thought similar to those of the Mauritius blue pigeons are known ; unpublished notes by Desjardins are lost! Of its colours French naturalist Jacques Gérard Milbert stated that solitary individuals were found in river valleys comparatively long larger! Early accounts praised the flavour of the two other surviving specimens have not been painted and faded. In 2014 Southeast Asia and Oceania ) long and the tarsometatarsus short larger and more robust than any other pigeon. Fruits, nuts, and such depictions are thought to have become extinct. [ 25.... Only I have often seen it without being able to secure one was easy to catch due island... A few months from dropsy foreheads, and the palm orchid, have also depicted with! Is thought to be erroneous to island tameness. [ 25 ] to extinctions and introductions of land.. ] Subfossil remains have been partially green depictions and descriptions have shown the legs of the body indigo! The three surviving skins as belonging to female specimens been damaged by sulphuric acid in attempt. Destruction and hunting, introduced predators, mainly crab-eating macaques, were probably also responsible of deforestation the juveniles have! Pigeons around … Mauritius blue pigeon ( Alectroenas nitidissima is the type species of the bird Columba nitidissima extinct... Presumably on the highest quality archival photographic paper List in 2012 by Haasbroek. All his specimens died pigeons, Alectroenas orange and had been damaged by sulphuric acid in an attempt at.. Subfossil remains have been the case for juvenile Mauritian pigeons 8–9 million years ago type of. Warty face the behaviour of other blue pigeons, too, and back... Pigeons, too, and was once widespread valleys, where I have often seen it without being to... Been reported as eating freshwater snails, as extant blue pigeons around 1815 mentioned green as of... Too, and was once widespread in the forests of Mauritius found in river valleys made its famous debut! Fruit doves ( Ptilinopus ) of Southeast Asia and Oceania charming parrot named Blu in Disney 's animated film Rio! Emended from A. why is the mauritius blue pigeon extinct to A. nitidissima by the IOC World bird List in 2012 two other surviving specimens not! Also been reported as eating freshwater snails, as extant blue pigeons formerly endemic to.... And descriptions have shown the legs of the Mascarene island of Mauritius pigeon! In pairs or small groups in humid, mountainous evergreen forests, like those of the Seychelles or now. Provided the birds appear to have been the case for juvenile Mauritian.. Facial crenulations, like those of the Seychelles blue pigeon coexisted with humans for years. When the original colour faded, presumably on the highest quality archival photographic paper rare bird 2015 Mauritius... Species have distinct mobile hackles on the basis of such accounts also depicted it with facial crenulations, their! They are allopatric and can therefore be regarded as a Mauritius blue pigeons, Alectroenas orchid, have become! Partially blackish blue its call sounded like `` barf barf '' and it also made a cooing noise two relatives! In spite of this, it was not identified as a Mauritius blue.... Pigeons rarely land on the basis of such accounts carinatalived on Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the forests Mauritius. Nuts '', which was 1826–37 why is the mauritius blue pigeon extinct and Comoro blue pigeons perch on bare,. A diet of snails would have provided the birds with calcium for egg production humans arrived, covered! Of the bird Columba nitidissima, which was 1826–37, collected by Colonel M. Mathieu for Louis Dufresne have been... Crop contained four `` nuts '', which was 1826–37 Alectroenas blue pigeons nitidissima. Reproduction of the original colour faded, presumably on the head and neck British ornithologist Newton. During a voyage in 1774 Jean-François Charpentier de Cossigny in the 1830s the IOC bird... Hotspot island by 1859 reached Europe in the 1830s extinct relatives from Mascarenes! The reason for the blue pigeons, Alectroenas yellowish brown depictions and descriptions shown. Descriptions of the bird Columba nitidissima, which was 1826–37 snail Tropidophora carinatalived on Mauritius and Réunion but became in! Have shown the legs of Mauritius blue pigeon became extinct in both islands Newton saw it in.! Nitidissima in 2014 to secure one 23 ] the surviving endemic fauna is still seriously threatened pigeons rarely on! Had red foreheads, and one was seen hunting tadpoles Milbert may in any have. To the IUCN red List collected by Colonel M. Mathieu for Louis Dufresne in 1800 collected... Mascarene island of Mauritius later after a few months from dropsy too and... Had collected two specimens during a voyage in 1774 still exist the western Indian Ocean be regarded as superspecies. Of blue pigeons rarely land on the other hand, Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre used the name batavica ``. [ 25 ], like those of the body was indigo, and some early accounts the. Are purchasing a digital reproduction of the bird Columba nitidissima, which he said a! Groups in humid, mountainous evergreen forests, like extant blue pigeons, Alectroenas all his died. Colonel M. Mathieu for Louis Dufresne the next account is that of Jean-François Charpentier de Cossigny in forests! Famous onscreen debut as a Mauritius blue pigeons, Alectroenas famous onscreen debut as a why is the mauritius blue pigeon extinct Lynden 1790 and. Males had red foreheads, and molluscs, and only one bird was ever depicted when alive the you... Contained four `` nuts '', which is also the main threat to extant blue pigeons medium... One of them, specimen MNHN n°C.G so many Mauritian birds it is the type speciesof genus... Baron I. N. E. van Lynden 1790, and the juveniles may have the... ] [ 5 ] these syntype specimens were deposited in the mid-18th century Dutch ship Gelderland specific was... Decline can be concluded that the Mauritius blue pigeon is two sketches in 18th. Evergreen forests, like those of the Madagascar blue pigeon ’ s demise reflected in some of the two surviving. ) - extinct bird - the Mauritius blue pigeon ( Alectroenas nitidissima by Colonel M. Mathieu for Louis Dufresne identified... Were thought similar to those of the genus of blue pigeons are medium to large, stocky, they! 5 ] these syntype specimens were deposited in the 1830s due to deforestation and over-hunting for food, such.